Glossary of dental terms

The most commonly used professional dentistry terms in an alphabetical order. We would like to help you understand dentistry more and thus facilitate mutual cooperation.

an alloy containing mercury and other metals, in particular silver, copper and tin. It is mixed cold and it serves as a definitive dental filling material. Dental amalgams are used as a very resistant and durbale dental filling after the removal of caries, but compared to modern filling materials they do not harden the tooth. The highest quality amalgam fillings are the Non-gamma-2 dental amalgams.

a drug containing a substance which is used to relieve pain. Many analgesic drugs also reduce fever and haveanti-inflammatory effects. Analgesics act on various spots of the nervous pathways, which conduct painful impulses into the central nervous system.

drugs that cause a local loss of sensation during the dental treatment.

a loss of sensation in a part of the body which allows the patient to undergo medical procedures without the distress and pain they would otherwise experience. This method does not affect primary vital signs, i.e. consciousness, blood flow and respiration, and enables contact and cooperation with the patient.

a procedure used to augment the volume of bone tissue. It is used in dental implantology in situations when there would not be enough bone tissue for inserting dental implants.

a technique used for breaking down dark pigments in the deep layers of dental tissues.

a preventive x-ray for the timely examination of interdental caries and recurrent caries under existing restorations, made usually every 1–2 years.

an extraction of a tooth covered by a mucous membrane and bone or a hard-to-reach tooth. During the procedure, the mucous membrane is cut and moved aside, or the dentist may remove a necessary amount of jawbone tissu. After extraction, the mucous membrane is sewn back together.

the cornerstone of prevention in dentistry including mainly medical and preventive procedures, such as tartar removal, professional cleaning and tooth polishing, elimination of pigments from the tooth surface, local fluoridation and instruction on proper oral hygiene.

Dental hygienist is a professional whose work usually includes dental prevention and controlling the state of the patient. In the Czech Republic this dental specialty has been taught since 1996, when a new specialized 3-year programme called certified dental hygienist was established, as a part of higher professional studies after finishing secondary school.

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