These are artificial replacements for missing teeth, which are located directly in the jaw. Dental implants are a state-of-the-art method of filling in missing teeth to any extent. For the patient, this is the most comfortable solution in the field of dental prostheses.
Dental implants function as artificial tooth roots, on which crowns or bridges are then placed. They can replace individual teeth or even the entire dental arch. They can also be used to anchor removable prostheses in the case of a toothless jaw. For this purpose, the insertion of two to four implants is usually sufficient. In this case, the prosthesis “clicks” on the implants, holding it securely in place.
How does it work?
Sufficient bone tissue is needed to insert the implant, which in case of its absence must be surgically transferred from another part of the oral cavity. This preparation of the jaw is called augmentation. It is necessary to ensure the stability of the implant while maintaining aesthetics. As part of the consultation, we make a three-dimensional X-ray image (CBCT), on which we can accurately analyze the place where the implant is to be inserted. If the examination reveals that there is not enough bone or soft tissue for implantation, it is part of the plan to supplement them. In rare cases, due to unfavorable conditions, it may happen that we recommend another solution, instead of implants.
The procedure itself is performed under local anesthesia, which numbs the operated part of your oral cavity for around two hours. We make a small incision, which will expose the bone at the place where we will insert the dental implant. Using special rotary tools calibrated according to the selected implant, we drill a hole in the bone, into which we screw the selected implant. Finally, we sew the place again and perform an X-ray check of the correct implant placement. The time required for the uncomplicated performance itself is around one hour. After simple implant placement, postoperative difficulties are minimal. For the first two days, sensitivity may occur in specific limited areas. In the case of bone or soft tissue replenishment, the main postoperative complication is swelling, which can last for around six days.
It’s not just the screw that does the work…
After insertion, the implant heals in the bone, this phase usually lasts 3 months. After healing, it is provided with a crown or other prosthetic work, so the result is a perfect rehabilitation of all tooth functions. Dental implants are made of titanium, or a combination of titanium and zirconium oxide.
Dental implant care
After the treatment itself, it is important to continue to take proper care of the dental implant so that its healing takes place without complications. The prerequisite is dental hygiene and cleaning of implants using a special interdental brush, or dental floss. Our dental hygienist and doctor will provide you with more detailed information regarding proper dental cleaning.
At subsequent visits, our doctor will monitor the condition of the implant to detect any complications, because only effective and timely therapy will guarantee the long life of the dental implant. It is also advisable to avoid smoking, frequent consumption of hard foods and proper care of teeth for its stability.